Breast cancer is one of the widely covered cancers in media round the world. In fact the majority of us have discovered about it through advertisements and awareness programs, run by international health organizations, NGOs, and governing bodies, on different communication platforms. But, does everyone learn about breast cancer and its risk factors, let aside the available treatments and tests? The answer is “no.” These awareness programs have been going on for many years on national and international levels now, but nevertheless you will find thousands of people all over the world who are clueless about the condition, doubtful over the proper measures, surrounded by myths. Many, including the ones who know a little about the condition, still shake their heads in disbelief when told that men also can develop breast cancer. This really is perhaps why it is important most of us are well- informed on the condition and its treatment, causes, risk factors and cure.
What’s Breast Cancer?
Simply, cancer can be defined as a condition when cells in the body multiply abnormally and don’t behave like normal cells. Each cell within our body has best hospital for breast cancer in Hyderabad a certain life, and when body cells don’t complete their life-cycles and don’t die in due course, they could multiply infinitesimally and causes the surrounding cells to reflect exactly the same, resulting in the synthesis of an abnormal growth of mass, cancer (or tumor), which could affect just how surrounding organs function and cause life-threatening complications.
To learn about breast cancer, we should have a concept of the overall anatomy of breasts. Breasts have milk-producing glands included; these glands are connected to skin at nipples through narrow ducts. The tissues round the ducts and glands are generally composed of fat. The remaining breasts includes blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic channels. Lymphatic channels are connect lymph nodes, which exist all across the human body and, at an advance stage of cancer, serve as carriers of malignant cells and cause the cancer to spread to another areas of body.
When malignant (cancerous, tumor) cells are within one of the breasts or both, the problem is named breast cancer. Based on the spread of the cancerous cells, a cancer specialist decides upon the stage of the cancer. Typically, breast cancer can have 5 stages, namely, Stage 0, Stage 1, Stage 2 (2A, 2B), Stage 3 (3A, 3 B, 3C), and Stage 4. Early stage or 0 stage of cancer is once the disease has not invaded surrounding breast tissues yet and located inside the breast. At stage 1, cancer is less than 2 centimeters in dimensions and partially spread to lymph nodes in the underarms. Stage 2A is when tumor is less than 2 cm, with 2mm penetration in lymph nodes in the underarm or when it’s more than 2cm in dimensions (and less than 5cm) without any penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 2B is when tumor in breast in more than 5cm or when it more than 2cm (and less than 5cm), but with penetration in lymph nodes. Stage 3 and above are referred to as advanced stages of breast cancer and on all cases tumors are usually more than 5cm and spread across the rest of body as well.
In its last stage, that will be stage 4, cancer has spread through another organs of the human body, such as for instance, bones, lungs, lever, and brain. Breast cancer spreads across another organs of the human body through lymph nodes, which are also within various organs in the body and are interconnected through the lymphatic system.
What Causes Breast Cancer?
So, what’s it that triggers breast cancer? What are the chance factors? The answer is you will find no definite factors behind breast cancer therefore; the chance factors include advancing age and family history of the cancer. Obesity is also one of the risk factors alongside regular alcohol use and late marriage. Anyone whose household members have been identified as having breast cancer previously is 2-3 times more prone to develop it. Most women develop breast cancer after 50 or menopause.
What Reduces Risk?
Researchers have found that regular physical exercise and exercise can reduce the chance of breast cancer by half. Exercise also can help overcome the aftermaths of the condition and improves quality of life of people with breast cancer. Poor diet and alcohol consumption are also common risk factors since they are directly linked to obesity. The simplest way to stop it is to get the breasts examined regularly by way of a specialist, especially after 30, and buy them checked each time a lump is within one of the breasts.
Annual or biannual mammogram tests can detect cancer in breasts early, when it could be cured easily or removed even before it starts to grow inside the breasts. It’s, therefore, advised all women obtain breasts examined by their doctors regularly, especially women in their thirties and older. Rarely, there is a chance cancer runs in the household by which case genetic testing is needed to check whether a member of family will develop the cancer or not in her lifetime. Having said that, it is important to understand that not totally all lumps in breasts are tumors or cause harm, but it is equally important to get them examined by way of a specialist. In most cases lumps are not cancerous, but it is difficult to tell what’s tumor and what’s not without professional supervision. When one is tested positive, various other tests follow to ascertain the possibility of cancer. You can be asked to take a biopsy test, during which tissues from breasts are examined to tell the possibility of cancer. There are many options for treatment available even if one is located positive. Specialists decide upon the best option based on their investigations and the spread of cancer in the body.
People must not fear going to their doctor and getting themselves examined for worries to be tested positive for breast cancer. Tests and examinations don’t guarantee the current presence of cancer; on the contrary, these often cancel the possibility of cancer. A lot of the times individuals are tested negative. So, you need to not fear tests, mammograms, or biopsy tests, get oneself checked and live freely.